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神州巨龙PMBOK 2008最新模拟题

PMP考试模拟试题(一)

 1. Buyers use a variety of methods to provide incentives to a seller to complete work early or within certain contractually specified time frames. One such incentive is the use of liquidated damages. From the seller's perspective, liquidated damages are what form of incentive?
a. Positive
b. Negative
c. Nomi
d. Reverse
e. Risk-prone

   买主使用各种方法以使承包商更早的或在某些契约指定时间框架内完成工作。一种方式是清算赔偿金的应用,从承包商的观点看,清算赔偿金是那一种类型的激励?
a.
积极地
b.
消极地
c.
轻微地
d.
反面地
e.
风险倾向地

2. Payment bonds are often required by the contract and require specific actions under the stated conditions. Payment bonds are specifically designed to ensure that the prime contractor provides payment of-
a. Insurance premiums
b. Weekly payrolls
c. Incremental earnec
d. Subcontractors, laborers, and suppliers of material
e. Damages for accidents caused

   在合同中通常需要付款保函,同时在所陈述的情况下需要采取特别措施。付款保函是专门用于保证为主要承包商提供什么样的付款-
a.
保险费
b.
每周的薪水
c.
增加所得
d.
转包商、劳动力和原料供应l
e.
意外事故造成的损失

3. When a seller breaches a contract, the buyer cannot receive-
a. Compensatory damages
b. Punitive damages
c. Specific performance
d. Liquidated damages
e. All the above

   当承包商违反合同,购买者不能得到-
a.
补偿性的赔偿金
b.
惩罚性的赔偿金
c.
特殊的执行
d.
清算赔偿金
e.
上述所有

4. The contracting function in an organization is considered to be decentralized when-
a. Each project manager has control over the contracting process for his or her project
b. The project manager controls contract award
c. The contracting person appointed to the project is available and under the project manager's direct control
d. Contracting is tailored to a single project
e. All above

   在什么时候,组织内合同的功能可以被分散考虑-
a.
每个项目经理都他的/她的项目的合同程序
b.
项目经理控制着合同的奖励
c.
在项目经理的直接领导下,可用指定的项目合同人
d.
合同针对单个项目
e.
上述所有

5. Which of the following terms represents a contract type category?
a. Fixed-price
b. Cost-reimbursement
c. Unit-price
d. a & b
e. a, b, & c

   下列那一个描述了合同的类型?
a.
固定价
b.
成本补偿
c.
单元价
d. a
b
e. a, b,
c

6. Which item is not a basic element of a contract?
a. Offer
b. Acceptance
c. Consideration
d. Pricing structure
e. Legality of purpose

   下列那一个不是合同的基本的因素?
a.
出价
b.
接受
c.
报酬
d.
价格结构
e.
有意图的法律责任

7. Three techniques used for procurement planning are-
a. Make-or -buy analysis, expert judgment, and contract type selection
b. Fixed-price, cost-reimbursement, and unit-price contracts
c. Cost and schedule estimates, invoice processing, and cash flow projections
d. Scope statement, change management, and marketing analysis
e. Contract type selection, negotiation, and cash flow projections

   用于采购计划编制的三种技能是-
a.
制造或购买的分析,专家判断和合同类型的选择
b.
固定价、成本补偿和单元价
c.
成本和进度预计、发票处理和现金流推算
d.
范围描述、变更管理和市场分析
e.
合同类型选择、谈判和现金流推算

8. A buyer has negotiated a fixed-price incentive contract with the seller. The contract has a target cost of $200,000, a target profit of $30,000,and a target price of $230,000. The buyer has also negotiated a ceiling price of $270,000 and a share ratio of 70/30. If the seller completes the contract with actual costs of $170,000, how much profit will the buyer pay the seller?
a.$21,000
b.$30,000
c.$35,000
d.$39,000
e.$51,000

   买主正同承包商谈一个固定价加奖励的合同。合同的目标成本是$200,000,目标利润是$30,000,目标价是$230,000。买主也规定了最高价是$270,000共享比例是70/30。如果承包商完成合同时实际成本是$170,000,买主要付承包商多少利润?
a.$21,000
b.$30,000
c.$35,000
d.$39,000
e.$51,000

9. Contracts may be written in any form that is understandable and enforceable, so project personnel often attempt to be "creative" in developing the contract's terms and conditions. If all the following options are available, the best course of action to meet the requirements of the project is to-
a. Preqare unique terms and conditions
b. Tailor an existing contract
c. Use standard clauses whenever possible
d. Avoid using contractual documents
e. None of the above

   合同可能用可以理解的和强制的形式书写,所以项目人员常常试图使用“创造性”完善合同的条款和条件。如果下列所有的选择可用,满足项目的最好的行动方针是-
a.
准备独特的条款和条件
b.
适用一个现有的合同
c.
只要有可能就使用标准条款
d.
避免使用合同文件
e.
上述都不是

10. When costs increase because of changes in the scope of work, the project is experiencing-
a. Accelerated costs
b. Cost growth
c. Cost escalation
d. Cost overrun
e. Cost risk

   当成本由于工作范围的变更而增加时,此项目正经历-
a.
加速的成本
b.
成本增加
c.
成本扩大
d.
成本超支
e.
成本风险

11Cost estimating can be best described by which of the following:

  1. The process of developing the future trends along with the assessment of probabilities, uncertainties, and inflation that could occur during the project.
  2. The process of assembling and predicting costs of a project over its life cycle.
  3. The process of establishing budgets, standards, and a monitoring system by which the investment cost of the project can be measured and managed.
  4. The process of gathering, accumulating, analyzing, monitoring, reporting, and managing the costs on an on-going basis.

 

以下描述中哪一个最贴切的描述了费用估算:

a.       是对未来项目进行过程中发生的可能性,不确定性及夸大性进行趋势估定的方法

b.       是组合并预计项目超出其生命周期费用的方法

c.  是制定预算,标准及监测系统以衡量并管理项目投资成本的方法

d.  是在不断进行的基础上搜集,分析,检测,报告并管理成本的一种方法

 

12What is the purpose of the work breakdown structure (WBS)?

a.       The WBS allows the project manager to delegate responsibility of all of the project activities.      

b.       The WBS is a narrative description of the work required for the project.

c.       The WBS describes the total program as a summation of subdivided elements. 

d.       The WBS is a statement of what will be made, how many units will be made, and when they will be made. 

 

工作分解结构(WBS)的目的是

a.       WBS允许项目经理承担所有项目活动的责任.

b.       WBS是项目所需工作的文字性描述

c.       WBS将整个程序描述为细分要素的汇总

d.       WBS 描述了做什么, 做多少以及什么时候做

 

13Which type of project cost estimate is the most accurate?

a.       Preliminary  

b.       Definitive  

c.       Order of magnitude  

d.       Conceptual 

 

那一类项目成本估算最精确?

a.       初步估算

b.       最终估算

c.       数量级估算

d.       概念估算

 

14Which of the following type of contracts is most preferable to the contractor doing the project work?

a.       Cost plus fixed fee

b.       Fixed price

c.       Fixed price plus incentive fee

d.       B and c  

 

以下那种合同更有利于承包商进行项目工作?

a.       成本加固定费用合同

b.       固定价格合同

c.       固定价格加奖励费用合同

d.       BC

 

15To assist in budget control, it is suggested that the estimate occur at the _______ level of the WBS.

a.       Highest 

b.       Lowest 

c.       Major work effort

d.       Third 

 

为便于预算控制,建议在WBS______阶段进行估算.

a.       最高

b.       最低

c.      

rissica 发表于 2011-7-22 15:34:00 阅读全文 | 回复(0) | 引用通告 | 编辑 | 收藏该日志

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